Neurofeedback vs. Medication: A Guide for ADHD Treatment

Understanding ADHD Treatment Options

ADHD is characterized by symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life. Treatment options typically include medication, behavioral therapy, and increasingly, neurofeedback therapy.

Medication for ADHD

Medications, particularly stimulants like methylphenidate and amphetamines, are well-known for their quick action in alleviating the symptoms of ADHD. They work by increasing dopamine levels in the brain, which helps improve concentration and focus while reducing hyperactivity and impulsivity.

Pros of Medication:

  • Quick Symptom Relief: Medications can offer rapid improvements in focus and behavior, often noticeable within a short period after starting treatment.
  • Ease of Use: Taking medication is generally straightforward, requiring little more than remembering to take a pill.

Cons of Medication:

  • Side Effects: Medications can cause side effects such as appetite suppression, sleep disturbances, and potential cardiovascular effects.
  • Temporary Solution: Medications manage symptoms only as long as they are in the system; they do not address underlying brain function irregularities.

Neurofeedback for ADHD

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive therapy that trains individuals to alter their brainwave patterns. It involves measuring brain activity through sensors placed on the scalp and providing real-time feedback to help the person learn to regulate their brain function.

Pros of Neurofeedback:

  • Long-Term Benefits: Neurofeedback can potentially lead to long-lasting changes in brain patterns, offering sustained relief from ADHD symptoms.
  • No Chemical Side Effects: As a non-pharmacological therapy, neurofeedback avoids the side effects associated with ADHD medications.
  • Improves Self-Regulation: Patients learn to control their brain activity, which can benefit emotional regulation and behavior beyond just ADHD symptoms.

Cons of Neurofeedback:

  • Time Commitment: Effective neurofeedback therapy requires multiple sessions, which can be time-consuming.
  • Delayed Results: Unlike medication, the benefits of neurofeedback may take longer to become evident as the brain learns to adjust its activity.

Making the Choice: Neurofeedback vs. Medication

Choosing between neurofeedback and medication depends on individual preferences, specific symptoms, lifestyle considerations, and how one’s body reacts to each treatment. Here are a few scenarios where one might be preferred over the other:

  • Preference for Non-Drug Approaches: For those wary of the side effects of medication, neurofeedback provides a safe alternative.
  • Long-Term Solution Seeking: Patients looking for solutions that could have lasting effects beyond the treatment period may prefer neurofeedback.
  • Combination Therapy: Many patients benefit from a combination of both approaches, using medication to manage immediate symptoms and neurofeedback to achieve longer-term improvements.


Both medication and neurofeedback are viable options for treating ADHD, each with its strengths and limitations. At Revivo, we work closely with our patients to determine the most appropriate treatment strategy based on their unique needs and goals.

If you are considering ADHD treatment options and would like to explore what neurofeedback can offer, contact Revivo in Toronto to schedule a consultation. Our team is dedicated to providing personalized care that aligns with your health objectives and lifestyle, ensuring you receive the most effective treatment possible for managing ADHD.

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